REVIEW Physiological responses to rock climbing in young climbers

Key questions regarding the training and physiological qualitiesrequired to produce an elite rock climber remain inadequately defined. Little research has been done on young climbers. The aim of this paper was to review literature on climbing alongside relevant literature characterising physiological adaptations inyoung athletes. Evidence-based recommendations were sought to inform the training of young climbers.

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REVIEW Physiological responses to rock climbing in young climbers
06 de Noviembre, 2014
ABSTRACT

Key questions regarding the training and physiological qualitiesrequired to produce an elite rock climber remain inadequately defined. Little research has been done on young climbers. The aim of this paper was to review literature on climbing alongside relevant literature characterising physiological adaptations inyoung athletes. Evidence-based recommendations were sought to inform the training of young climbers. Of 200 studies onclimbing, 50 were selected as being appropriate to this review,and were interpreted alongside physiological studies highlighting specific common development growth variables inyoung climbers. Based on injury data, climbers younger than 16 years should not participate in international bouldering competitions and intensive finger strength training is not recommended. The majority of climbing foot injuries result from wearing too small or unnaturally shaped climbing shoes. Isometric and explosive strength improvements are stronglyassociated with the latter stages of sexual maturation and specific ontogenetic development, while improvement in motor abilities declines. Somatotyping that might identify common physical attributes in elite climbers of any age is incomplete. Accomplished adolescent climbers can now climb identical grades and compete against elite adult climbers aged up to and 40 years. High-intensity sports training requiring leanness in a youngster can result in altered and delayed pubertal andskeletal development, metabolic and neuroendocrine aberrations and trigger eating disorders. This should be sensitively and regularly monitored. Training should reflect efficacious exercises for a given sex and biological age.

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